Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Vacuum Energy

There are references elsewhere on the North Texas Drifter to vacuum energy, or negative energy or zero point energy, as it is sometimes called; however, the discussion here gives even more detail on this naturally-occurring phenomena. At the end of this article, you should be asking yourself how subatomic particles can suddenly pop into existence without coming from any action or reaction that can be observed. It's something from nothing and it happens constantly, everywhere. Material reality is being renewed at every moment...

Vacuum energy is an underlying background energy that exists in space throughout the entire Universe. One contribution to the vacuum energy may be from virtual particles which are thought to be particle pairs that blink into existence and then annihilate in a time span too short to observe. They are expected to do this everywhere, throughout the Universe. Their behavior is codified in Heisenberg's energy–time uncertainty principle. Still, the exact effect of such fleeting bits of energy is difficult to quantify.

The effects of vacuum energy can be experimentally observed in various phenomena such as spontaneous emission, the Casimir effect and the Lamb shift, and are thought to influence the behavior of the Universe on cosmological scales. Using the upper limit of the cosmological constant, the vacuum energy in a cubic meter of free space has been estimated to be 10−9 Joules. However, in both Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) and Stochastic Electrodynamics (SED), consistency with the principle of Lorentz covariance and with the magnitude of the Planck constant requires it to have a much larger value of 10113 Joules per cubic meter. See vacuum catastrophe.

Click to enlarge.
Quantum field theory states that all fundamental fields, such as the electromagnetic field, must be quantized at each and every point in space. A field in physics may be envisioned as if space were filled with interconnected vibrating balls and springs, and the strength of the field were like the displacement of a ball from its rest position. The theory requires "vibrations" in, or more accurately changes in the strength of, such a field to propagate as per the appropriate wave equation for the particular field in question. The second quantization of quantum field theory requires that each such ball-spring combination be quantized, that is, that the strength of the field be quantized at each point in space. Canonically, if the field at each point in space is a simple harmonic oscillator, its quantization places a quantum harmonic oscillator at each point. Excitations of the field correspond to the elementary particles of particle physics. Thus, according to the theory, even the vacuum has a vastly complex structure and all calculations of quantum field theory must be made in relation to this model of the vacuum.

The theory considers vacuum to implicitly have the same properties as a particle, such as spin or polarization in the case of light, energy, and so on. According to the theory, most of these properties cancel out on average leaving the vacuum empty in the literal sense of the word. One important exception, however, is the vacuum energy or the vacuum expectation value of the energy. The quantization of a simple harmonic oscillator requires the lowest possible energy, or zero-point energy of such an oscillator to be:
Summing over all possible oscillators at all points in space gives an infinite quantity. To remove this infinity, one may argue that only differences in energy are physically measurable, much as the concept of potential energy has been treated in classical mechanics for centuries. This argument is the underpinning of the theory of renormalization. In all practical calculations, this is how the infinity is handled.

Vacuum energy can also be thought of in terms of virtual particles (also known as vacuum fluctuations) which are created and destroyed out of the vacuum. These particles are always created out of the vacuum in particle-antiparticle pairs, which in most cases shortly annihilate each other and disappear. However, these particles and antiparticles may interact with others before disappearing, a process which can be mapped using Feynman diagrams. Note that this method of computing vacuum energy is mathematically equivalent to having a quantum harmonic oscillator at each point and, therefore, suffers the same renormalization problems.

Additional contributions to the vacuum energy come from spontaneous symmetry breaking in quantum field theory.

Vacuum energy has a number of consequences. In 1948, Dutch physicists Hendrik B. G. Casimir and Dirk Polder predicted the existence of a tiny attractive force between closely placed metal plates due to resonances in the vacuum energy in the space between them. This is now known as the Casimir effect and has since been extensively experimentally verified. It is therefore believed that the vacuum energy is "real" in the same sense that more familiar conceptual objects such as electrons, magnetic fields, etc., are real. However, alternate explanations for the Casimir have since been proposed.

Other predictions are harder to verify. Vacuum fluctuations are always created as particle–antiparticle pairs. The creation of these virtual particles near the event horizon of a black hole has been hypothesized by physicist Stephen Hawking to be a mechanism for the eventual "evaporation" of black holes. The net energy of the Universe remains zero so long as the particle pairs annihilate each other within Planck time. If one of the pair is pulled into the black hole before this, then the other particle becomes "real" and energy/mass is essentially radiated into space from the black hole. This loss is cumulative and could result in the black hole's disappearance over time. The time required is dependent on the mass of the black hole but could be on the order of 10100 years for large solar-mass black holes.

The vacuum energy also has important consequences for physical cosmology. Special relativity predicts that energy is equivalent to mass, and therefore, if the vacuum energy is "really there", it should exert a gravitational force. Essentially, a non-zero vacuum energy is expected to contribute to the cosmological constant, which affects the expansion of the universe. In the special case of vacuum energy, general relativity stipulates that the gravitational field is proportional to ρ-3p (where ρ is the mass-energy density, and p is the pressure). Quantum theory of the vacuum further stipulates that the pressure of the zero-state vacuum energy is always negative and equal to ρ. Thus, the total of ρ-3p becomes -2ρ: A negative value. This calculation implies a repulsive gravitational field, giving rise to expansion, if indeed the vacuum ground state has non-zero energy. However, the vacuum energy is mathematically infinite without renormalization, which is based on the assumption that we can only measure energy in a relative sense, which is not true if we can observe it indirectly via the cosmological constant.

The existence of vacuum energy is also sometimes used as theoretical justification for the possibility of free-energy machines. It has been argued that due to the broken symmetry (in QED), free energy does not violate conservation of energy, since the laws of thermodynamics only apply to equilibrium systems. However, consensus amongst physicists is that this is incorrect and that vacuum energy cannot be harnessed to generate free energy. In particular, the second law of thermodynamics is unaffected by the existence of vacuum energy.

In Stochastic Electrodynamics, the energy density is taken to be a classical random noise wave field which consists of real electromagnetic noise waves propagating isotropically in all directions. The energy in such a wave field would seem to be accessible, e.g., with nothing more complicated than a directional coupler. The most obvious difficulty appears to be the spectral distribution of the energy, which compatibility with Lorentz invariance requires to take the form Kf3, where K is a constant and f denotes frequency. It follows that the energy and momentum flux in this wave field only becomes significant at extremely short wavelengths where directional coupler technology is currently lacking. History

In 1934, Georges Lemaître used an unusual perfect-fluid equation of state to interpret the cosmological constant as due to vacuum energy. In 1948, the Casimir effect provided the first experimental verification of the existence of vacuum energy. In 1957, Lee and Yang proved the concepts of broken symmetry and parity violation, for which they won the Nobel prize. In 1973, Edward Tryon proposed that the Universe may be a large-scale quantum-mechanical vacuum fluctuation where positive mass-energy is balanced by negative gravitational potential energy. During the 1980s, there were many attempts to relate the fields that generate the vacuum energy to specific fields that were predicted by attempts at a Grand unification theory and to use observations of the Universe to confirm one or another version. However, the exact nature of the particles (or fields) that generate vacuum energy, with a density such as that required by inflation theory, remains a mystery.

Also, see  The Vacuum Problem.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Too Big To Fail

You've worked hard all your life. You feel that you've paid your dues. You have a job you're locked into and it has earned you new vehicles, a mortgage on a fancy house in a nice neighborhood free from minorities (but you identify as a progressive), your kids are finally out of school and your wife has become fat. Well, that's okay because so have you. Compared to the other guys down at the dealership, you think you still look pretty good. That designer pink dress shirt and matching socks sure looks sharp with creased jeans and comfy shoes.

You want to keep all that stuff, right? You earned it by the sweat of your brow. You had to put up with ornery customers and competition to get to where you are. Sure, there were plenty of times you had to lie, cheat, and steal to get what was rightfully yours, but that's just life. Get in your way and get run down because like you always say, when you go to work, it's head down and ass up. Ain't got time to wonder why. There's money out there and it's every man for himself. He who dies with the most toys, wins. At least, that's what you learned from your alcoholic daddy.

Church was always a waste of time and besides, they're all hypocrites. Sunday morning is the only chance to sleep in. After a couple of six packs on Saturday night, it's nice to get the extra sleep. You need to be well rested by Monday morning because it's a constant barrage of people coming in and trying to get the best deal they can. It's your job to make sure that doesn't happen. Time is money and each customer is allotted only so much. Coax 'em in, shake 'em down, give 'em a donut and make 'em feel that you have the most important job in the world. You are a serious guy and someone with which not to fuck.

That pretty much sums up your life and how you feel about yourself. You're important. A big shot making bank. Naturally, you're too big to fail. Nope, that's not gonna happen because if anything is important to you over and above your kid's lives, your marriage, and your phony baloney reputation, it's how much you've got.

You play the game, baby, you work it. Those who know you, know you're an asshole, but you give to United Way and that Pink Breast Cancer thing every year. Why, they even gave you a plaque last year for the donations that came from the dealership. Once in a while, you really do help someone, especially young women who find themselves short on a down payment or unable to meet a maintenance bill. You're such a good guy, you tell them "we'll work it out" with a nod and a wink. Come into my office. Shut the door, please.

And life goes on, year in, year out. The wife may threaten to divorce you but it'll never happen because by this time she's locked in as well. Besides, a fat, middle-aged woman will have a tough time finding somebody else who makes as much money.

Yes, life is pretty good. You're in charge. Hell, you don't have to play by other people's rules. You make the rules. You don't really have friends anymore. You have old acquaintances and once every ten years or so, you dress up and attend a reunion or a banquet where you smugly compare yourself to everybody else, ranking them in order of importance by how much they've got.

That's your life, pal. Barbecues, Bud Light, sports on the wide-screen, and herpes from that last young lady you helped out. Life may not be perfect, but it's good enough. Don't worry about it. You're too big to fail.

Monday, October 24, 2016

40,000 Headmen Couldn't Make Me Change My Mind

"40,000 Headmen"
Forty thousand headmen couldn't make me change my mind
If I had to take the choice between the deafman and the blind
I know just where my feet should go and that's enough for me
I turned around and knocked them down and walked across the sea

Hadn't traveled very far when suddenly I saw
Three small ships a-sailing out towards a distant shore
So lighting up a cigarette I followed in pursuit
And found a secret cave where they obviously stashed their loot

Filling up my pockets, even stuffed it up my nose
I must have weighed a hundred tons between my head and toes
I ventured forth before the dawn had time to change its mind
And soaring high above the clouds I found a golden shrine

Laying down my treasure before the iron gate
Quickly rang the bell hoping I hadn't come too late
But someone came along and told me not to waste my time
And when I asked him who he was he said, 'Just look behind'

So I turned around and forty thousand headmen bit the dirt
Firing twenty shotguns each and man, it really hurt
But luckily for me they had to stop and then reload
And by the time they'd done that I was heading down the road

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Brain In A Jar

With a handful of exceptions, pretty much everyone I've ever met thinks they know what's best, that their view of things is the proper view. Like, I've got a firm grip on reality and you? You're just stupid not to see things my way. As I said, that's pretty much how everybody acts. I'm right, you're wrong, get a life.

But why would low IQ car dealers and insurance salesman, high school shop teachers and banking branch managers follow that reasoning? (If you are not in one of those groups, don't worry, it's just a sampling. Chances are you're among them anyway whatever your phony baloney job is.) Well, consider the brain in a jar thought experiment.

The “brain in a jar” thought experiment is a question discussed by thinkers and scientists who, like most people, believe that one’s understanding of reality depends solely on their subjective feelings.

So, what is the essence of this thought experiment? Imagine that you are just a brain in a jar that is run by aliens or mad scientists. How would you know? And can you truly deny the possibility that this is your reality?

I mean, if you simply believe what you're told without question like a good employee, you're really letting your masters define everything about you. You do their bidding because they give you a paycheck and it makes sense to lie, cheat, and steal for the company or the party because they're going to take care of you, they're going to assure you that their view of reality is the correct view and, gosh darn it! it's okay to screw the customer because making money is what it's all about. Right? Wrong.

This is a modern interpretation of Descartes’ evil demon problem. This thought experiment leads to the same conclusion: we cannot confirm the actual existence of anything except our consciousness. If this seems to sound reminiscent of “The Matrix“, it is. Unfortunately, in reality, we have no red pills. But we do have common sense which is bolstered by a good education and practical experience.

Are you just a brain in a jar?

The only logical choice. The man with the plan. Even the Beav understood term limits. After his sixth year as a child actor, Jerry Mathers quit acting to return to high school because it was what he wanted.

The Sunday Edition (.025)

"Once a government is committed to the principle of silencing the voice of opposition, it has only one way to go, and that is down the path of increasingly repressive measures, until it becomes a source of terror to all its citizens and creates a country where everyone lives in fear."
-- Harry S. Truman

Welcome to the 25th NTD Sunday Edition. The closer we get to the election, the crazier things get. Rumors of suspended elections, riots, and civil disturbances are being floated. Poll numbers are skewed and you can't believe a thing the media says. Why should you anyway when they are so obviously in the tank for Hillary Clinton? The establishment is bold and bald-faced in its intent to rig the process. This is America -- home of the bought and land of the sold. Corruption is the order of the day wherever you go.

I got a little older this week but no cake, no birthday wishes, not even a f*ck you. I celebrated with a plate of spaghetti and a Dr. Pepper.

• Massive voter fraud is coming with the 2016 presidential elections. Thanks, Progressives, for all you do (sarcasm). Good-bye, America.

• A leading American prelate has urged voters to “be wary” of Democratic vice-presidential candidate Tim Kaine, a “cafeteria Catholic” who picks and chooses from Church teaching according to its political expediency.

In a stinging column in his diocesan newspaper, The Leaven, Kansas City Archbishop Joseph Naumann said it was painful to listen to Senator Kaine repeat “the same tired and contorted reasoning to profess his personal opposition to abortion while justifying his commitment to keep it legal” in the last vice-presidential debate.

While boasting of his Catholic credentials, Kaine fell back on “all the usual made-for-modern-media sound bites,” the Archbishop noted, such as it is “not proper to impose his religious beliefs upon all Americans” and he “trusts women to make good reproductive choices.”

The Archbishop appealed to voters to “be wary of candidates who assume to take upon themselves the role of defining what Catholics believe or should believe.”

“Unfortunately,” he continued, “the vice-presidential debate revealed that the Catholic running for the second highest office in our land is an orthodox member of his party, fulling embracing his party’s platform, but a cafeteria Catholic, picking and choosing the teachings of the Catholic Church that are politically convenient.”

Democrat Senator Tim Kaine
Underscoring Kaine’s “contorted reasoning,” Naumann observed that the Senator “appears to have no qualms” imposing his religious beliefs when it comes to opposing racism or encouraging a preferential option for the poor, or when our public policies mirror “the Ten Commandments with regard to stealing, perjury, or forms of murder, other than abortion.”

In the Declaration of Independence itself, Naumann notes, the founders stated that “the right to life is given to us by our Creator, not by the Supreme Court.”

“Why is Senator Kaine personally opposed to abortion, if he does not believe that it is the taking of an innocent human life?” Naumann asks. And if abortion is killing an innocent human being, why does Kaine publicly support it?

“This is where the reproductive choice euphemism breaks apart,” the Archbishop said. “Does anyone really have the choice to end another human being’s life?”

• Smartmatic, a U.K.-based voting technology company with deep ties to George Soros, has control over voting machines in 16 states including battleground zones like Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Other jurisdictions affected are California, District of Columbia, Illinois, Louisiana, Missouri, New Jersey, Oregon, Washington and Wisconsin.

Its website includes a flow-chart that describes how the company has contributed to elections in the U.S. from 2006-2015 with “57,000 voting and counting machines deployed” and “35 million voters assisted.”

In 2005, Smartmatic bought-out California-based Sequoia Voting Systems and entered the world of U.S. elections.

According to Smarmatic’s website, “In less than one year Smartmatic tripled Sequoia’s market share” and “has offered technology and support services to the Electoral Commissions of 307 counties in 16 States.”

• Until now, infertility - the failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sex - was considered a disability.

But now, in a dramatic move the World Health Organization will change the standard to suggest that a person who is unable to find a suitable sexual partner or is lacking a sexual relationship to have children - will now be equally classified as disabled.

WHO says the change will give every individual “the right to reproduce”. What I want to know is will I get a disability check from now on? Plus, I need to know how much I'm going to get so I can work it into my budget. Will it affect my tax status? Can I get a free subscription to

• In Great Britain, thousands of gay and bisexual men convicted of abolished sexual offenses are to be posthumously pardoned.

Those convicted for consensual same-sex relationships before laws were changed are to be formally pardoned.

Alan Turing
Calls for wider action emerged after Second World War code-breaker Alan Turing was given a posthumous royal pardon in 2013 over a conviction in 1952 for gross indecency with a 19-year-old man. Turing was chemically castrated and died two years later from cyanide poisoning in an apparent suicide - though there have been suggestions his death was an accident. Accidental cyanide poisoning? Well, okay.

Announcing the new plan, Justice Minister Sam Gyimah said the Government would seek to implement the change through an amendment to the Policing and Crime Bill.

Anyone living who has been convicted of the now abolished offenses can currently apply through the Home Office to have their names cleared through the disregard process. This removes any mention of an offense from criminal record checks. Gosh, I wish I could do that with my speeding tickets.

• Homeschooling Mother Convicted, Sentenced to 180 Days in Jail for Late Paperwork! May as well read about it here.

• Phillip Marshall, a former airplane pilot and author whose works included the 2003 novel “Lakefront Airport,” – “False Flag 911: How Bush, Cheney and the Saudis Created the Post-911 World” and “The Big Bamboozle: 9/11 and the War on Terror,” a 2012 publication in which Marshall theorized it wasn't al-Qaida but rather U.S. and Saudi government officials who orchestrated 9/11, was found dead along with his two children in their Murphrys-area home in California – 2013. Reports indicate all 3 died of gunshot wounds.

Friends of Marshall's kids, Alex 17 and Macaila 14, discovered the gruesome scene after showing up to check on them on Saturday after not having heard from them for numerous days.

The Calaveras County Sheriff's Office reported that both children as well as the family dog were shot once in the head with a handgun. Do you suppose it might have been accidental, maybe like cyanide poisoning?

Marshall's estranged wife and mother of the 2 kids was traveling abroad at the time of the shootings.

Security Agency Officer Wayne Madsen says the 9/11 investigative author Philip Marshall and his children were killed in a “black ops hit” by the CIA, dismissing the suicide hypothesis. Marshall was afraid of being silenced for his revelations about 9/11, Madsen said, noting that a side door the investigator never used was wide open when his dead body was found.

Marshall believed former US President George Bush had pulled off the 9/11 attack to foment a government coup. In his fourth book, he was supposed to disclose blockbuster information.

• The Waxahachie Daily Light is the Ellis County newspaper and became just the third newspaper in the country this week and the first in Texas to endorse Donald Trump.

You know it and I know it. A vote for Hillary Clinton is a vote for Globalism, a vote against sovereignty, a vote against freedom and a vote for government tyranny. But don't worry, President Obama says, if you like your religion, you can keep your religion (for a little while longer). That is, until it rubs up against equality and civil rights. Then it's gotta go.

And finally, remember that My Life Matters. Send all donations to my Paypal account, or conversely, just drive by the house and throw money at me. Papa needs a new pair of shoes.